The Farming Methodology

Good food starts with good farming.

At Countryside we have adopted best farming practices to ensure quality yield throughout the year. The farming technique at Countryside is a hybrid of Tunnel farming and Greenhouse farming, intended to realize the benefits offered by each methodology.

Tunnel Farming

Tunnel farming involves constructing greenhouses-hut-like structures swathed in plastic that serve as cocoons for growing strawberries, tomatoes, peppers, carrots, lettuce and bushels of other fruits and vegetables. The idea of tunnel farming is to shield the crops from the elements and trap the heat of the sun, extending the growing season and increasing production.

Tunnel farming is gaining acceptance among educated farmers as it provides them with an opportunity to grow vegetables in off-season by using less than 40 per cent water and managing required temperatures by capturing heat during winters.

Through tunnel farming it is possible to overcome the three main impediments that impact agricultural growth: chronic water shortages, low per acre yield and low value of crops. Tunnel farming operates on the principle that of creating conditions during winter that are equivalent to those in summers. The vegetables sown in summer are then cultivated in these tunnels during winter. The entire farming area is covered by transparent plastic fixed over D-shaped steel pipes. The entire soil is also covered with black colored plastic sheet with small holes from where the seeds are sown.

The sunlight during the day passes through transparent plastic sheet and is absorbed by the black sheet spread over the soil. This raises the temperature to desired levels. The plastic sheet on the soil serves three purposes. First it traps heat, second it reduces water loss and third it eliminates growth of weeds as seeds germinate from the holes made in the plastic sheet.

There are three types of tunnels, known as high, low and walk-in tunnels.

  • Low Tunnel
  • It is cheaper than high tunnel but creates difficulty for soil preparation, spraying and picking. The tunnels are suitable for cucumber sown flat bed, melons, watermelons, bitter gourds, squashes, and snake gourds etc. The crop yield in this type of tunnel is however low compared to high tunnels.

  • Walk-in Tunnels
  • Walk-in tunnels are lower than the high tunnels but they are gaining popularity as they provide high yield compared to low tunnels. The tunnel is suitable for growing tomatoes, cucumbers, sweet pepper and hot pepper.

  • High Tunnel
  • High tunnel facilitates easy access for soil preparation, picking and spraying due to its width and height. The crop yield is maximum in this type of tunnel. The tunnel is suitable for growing tomatoes, cucumbers and sweet peppers.

Tunnel farming not only helps to get early crop, it also helps in getting more production per acre as compared to traditional farming.

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